4 Steps to Develop the Problem- Solving Skills in childhood - Child Education

4 Steps to Develop the Problem- Solving Skills in childhood



Problem-solving skills emerge as essential skills in child development.  Children regularly face new problems in the everyday life.  The problem-solving skills facilitate the child to overcome the social, emotional and educational problems effectively. It is the parental responsibility to provide the best possible opportunities for the development of problem-solving skills in the early childhood.  This makes them confident and proficient which support them in the later life. The development of a child seeks the skills of problem-solving for their future existence and education.

What are Problem Solving skills?


D’Zurilla and Goldfrieg (1971) defined problem-solving as creating options of effective response for dealing with a problematic situation and choosing one of these options that are considered to be the most effective one. According to researchers, social problem-solving is the individual’s way of solving the problem by using the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes effectively while trying to cope with the problems in daily life”( Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz,2013).  This all interprets that the bond of coping capacities of a child related to the solution menu of academic or social problems is termed as problem-solving skill. The skills contain all those factors and facets that enable a child to deal the real-life dangers and difficulties.

 How the Problem-Solving Skills be developed in Children?


 The parents and teachers must know the ways to develop the problem-solving skills in their children. Here are four steps to develop and improve the problem-solving skills in the childhood.

  •        Let the Child to Identify the Problem


Let the child identify the problem when he faces the problem during the play or practices in the everyday experiences.  Parents help them to identify a problem when they need their help. They must provide the child some basic and important options to identify the problem and tolerate the children to choose bit in the bit on.
  •       Encourage the Child to Share the Problem with Parents/ Teachers

Parents and teachers must provide the children an environment in which they frequently discuss the problems with them. This discussion helps to develop the ability to talk about problems in early childhood.  For Example, when a child faces a problem with play puzzle game and puzzle piece did not fit in perfect place.  The child feels easy to talk about the problem with his guardian. The parents should develop the ability in children to discuss their problems with them. This way may become the essential step for solving the problems.
  •       Find Out the Cause of Problem


This step is very important in the development of problem-solving skills. It is challenging task for a child to find out the cause of the problem.  Let the child employ his thinking to find out the cause of a problem. This activity also helps the child to develop creativity.  Parents encourage the children in this process and help the children by locating some causes when they want help.

  •        Let the Child to Choose  the Best Solutions

Some children feel hesitation to choose the solution for a problem during their childhood. Let the Child think the way to solve the problem without any help. The parents/teachers must believe in the child’s abilities.  They suggest some best solutions and allow the child to choose the best solution.  Encourage the child to select the appropriate solutions for the concerning problem.

The ability to solve the problems is an essential competence for the successes in every field of life.  Problem-solving skills must be developed in early childhood. It is parental and school responsibility to provide the academic environment and fix a focus on the development of these skills. It is not an easy work but it takes patience, hard work, and good planning. These four steps which are discussed above can help the children in the development of the problem-solving skills.   

Reference
·         Child Development in the Home Children's Bureau (DREW), Washington, D.C.mw-ono-74-42.

·         Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, Social Problem-Solving Skills of Children in Terms of Maternal Acceptance-Rejection Levels, David Publication, US-China Education Review B, ISSN 2161-6248 August 2013, Vol. 3, No. 8, 581-592.
4 Steps to Develop the Problem- Solving Skills in childhood 4 Steps to Develop the Problem- Solving Skills in childhood Reviewed by Early childhood education on March 19, 2018 Rating: 5

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