5 Important Parental Factors in the Development of Child Behaviors - Child Education

5 Important Parental Factors in the Development of Child Behaviors

 It is widely recognized that Parents plays a significant role in shaping good or negative behaviors in children.  Moreover, Parent's role also relates to high or poor child academic performance. Five maternal factors largely contribute to the development of their children's behavior and attitudes.  


  • Parental Social and Economic Characteristics 

The Parental socio-economic status has had great effects on child behavior. Several studies indicate that low socioeconomic status relates to behavior problems and conduct disorder in children. [1] It is reported that socioeconomic status linked with the child personal abilities.[2]

  • Parental Lifestyle

Parental lifestyle plays an important role in the development of child behavior. The Parents lifestyle such as cigarette smoking, use of alcohol and any type of abuse strongly relate to child behavior problems. It is reported that parent’s smoking during pregnancy relates to low birth Wight.[3] It is also documented that smoking relates to a variety of neurobehavioral difficulties.[4]  It is also discussed that maternal smoking in pregnancy leads to conduct disorder in children. [5]

  •  Parental Mental State

Poor mental health condition relates to child behavior problems. Several studies show that parents mental health problems negatively effects on child social, emotional and well-being. Poor parental health leads to depression and anxiety which negatively affect child behavior and development.[6] 

  • Instability in Relationship and Conflicts



Parental relationship instability and conflict strongly relate to depression and anxiety. It is well documented that dyadic depression and anxiety have serious effects on the development of child behavior.[7]. Moreover, it is also well established that dyadic anxiety and depression may lead to many behavioral problems in children such as antisocial behavior, conduct disorder, emotional problems, poor concentration, poor self-control, cognitive deficits, psychiatric problem, and poor school adjustment. [8]

  •  Parental Physical Health

 The studies indicate that poor physical/ biological maternal weakness affect child development. The maternal poor physical health may lead to several behavioral problems such as low birth weight, anoxia, and prematurity.[9]. The dyadic health problems may become the cause of many preschool or post-school problems in children. 


The parental role is most important in child behavioral developmental process. Poverty and illiteracy both are the big barriers to the better development of child behavior. It is the governmental responsibility to provide equal opportunity in which every child can develop positive behavior and skills. Governmental try to reduce poverty and illiteracy to provide the good citizen in society.



 Not: The major theme and idea of this article are given from this book: “Jake M. Najman, William born, Margaret J. Andersen, Michael O’Callaghan. and Gail M. Williams. Preschool Children and Behaviour Problem, Childhood(2000) 7(4): 439–466.”





[1] Offord, D.R. M.H. Boyle and Y.A. Racine `The Epidemiology of Antisocial Behavior, 1991.
[2] Thomas Deckers, Armin Falk, Fabian Kosse, Hannah Schildberg –Hörisch, How Does Socio-Economic Status Shape a Child’s Personality?, Discussion PapervNo.8977April 2015.
[3] Abel, E.L. `Smoking and Pregnancy', Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 16: 327-338,1984.
[4] Fried, P.A. and J.E. Makin `Neonatal Behavioral Correlates of Prenatal Exposure to Marihuana, Cigarettes, and Alcohol in a Low-Risk Population', Neurotoxicology and Teratology 9: 1-7. 1987.
[5]  Fergusson et al.,1993; Makin et al., 1991; Weitzman et al., 1992.
[6] ( Maternal mental health and child health and development in low and middle-income countries, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland30 January – 1 February 2008.

[7] Fergusson, D.M., L.J. Horwood, M.E. Gretton and F.T. Shannon, `Family Life Events, Maternal Depression, and Maternal and Teacher Descriptions of Child Behavior', Pediatrics 75: 30-35. 1985.
[8] Grunebaum Grunebaum, H., B.J. Cohler, C. Kauffman and D. Gallant `Children of Depressed and Schizophrenic Mothers', Child Psychiatry and Human Development,1978.  8: 219-228.
[9] Rose, S.A., J.F. Feldman, S.L. Rose, I.F. Wallace and C. McCarton `Behavior Problems at 3 and 6 Years: Prevalence and Continuity in Full Terms and Preterms', Development and Psychopathology, 1992. 4: 361-374.
5 Important Parental Factors in the Development of Child Behaviors  5 Important  Parental Factors in the Development of Child Behaviors Reviewed by Early childhood education on December 23, 2017 Rating: 5

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