How to Develop the Social Skills in the Early Childhood - Child Education

How to Develop the Social Skills in the Early Childhood

Children learn many social skills form observing their parent's behaviors and other children. The home environment plays a key role in the development of social skills.  The child starts to learn social values by hearing, seeing and experiences in the early childhood.
 The development of social skills is important for improving school performance and also relates to child mental health and well-being. 

What are the Social and Emotional Skills?

Social and emotional skills are defined “as relating to the development of five interrelated sets of cognitive, affective and behavioral competencies: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills and responsible decision making” CASEL (2005).

10 Tips to  improve Social Skills in the Childhood

Social skills help to increase communication with peers, extend the relationships, and improve the cooperative teamwork. Every parent wants to know how to develop and improve the social skills in early childhood. There are some effective ways and suggestions which may help to develop the social skills in childhood.

  •  Build up Positive Self-Concept and Unique image

Self-Concept is called, what is your idea about yourself. Rosenberg defines "the self-concept is the totality of an individual's thoughts and feelings having reference to himself as an object” ( Viktor Gecas, The Self-Concept, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 8 (1982), pp. 1-33).
   The child must consider himself that he is a positive and unique person. He believes that he is friendly, talkative, smarter, gorgeous and healthy.  He recognizes and knows about his good attributes. Parents help the child to build up his unique image from his early childhood.

  • Understand the Other's Feelings

 Parents must help the child to understand the other‘s feelings. Explain the feeling vocabulary for the children such as happy, sad, and hungry. Fealing vocabulary helps the child to react better in different situations. Motivate the child to prevent someone’s problems and don’t hurt others. Respect the other 's feeling, and don’t’ use other’s things without permission. Parents and teachers should create activities in which the child can show sympathy, kindness, and love for others.

  • Assist the Child to Express his/her Feelings in the Positive Way

Provide a friendly environment in which the child can express his/her feelings. The quality environment helps the child to participate in social activities in early childhood. Let the child develop the social contacts with peers.
  Parents and teachers should provide opportunities for children to express their feelings. For example, Parents must say the name of feeling and then encourage the child to discuss that feeling.  They ask the child do you love that book, why are you happy today? The child will start the discussion about his story.

  • Encourage the Child to Create  Activities and Projects

 Encourage the child to create his own activities at home. Parents try to develop the creative skills in early childhood. Let the child design his activities and encourage him to do something new. Provide the opportunities to buy his toys, plan to visit the park or zoo.

  •  Help the Child to Become a Loving, Caring, Sympathetic and Self-disciplined Individual

. Domestic environment and dyadic actions have had a great impact on child behaviors. Try to develop the loving and caring behavior in early childhood. The quality relationship between family members plays an important role in child development. Parents must appreciate the child's expression of love and care for others. 

  •  Develop  the Problem Solving  Skills

 The problem- solving skills play a key role in the development of social relationships. Provide the opportunities that help the child to solve the problems without any assistance.   Encourage the Child to create his own activities and use his intellect to complete them.  Let the child take his decision in his ordinary matters. Provide the opportunities to select his toys, choose the color of his shirt etc.

  • Support to Develop   the Positive Relationships 

 Create special opportunities for your child to meet other children at home.  Let the child develop positive friendships with other family members. Welcome the child’s friend at home and encourage them to create a new relationship.

  • Provide the Activities to Interact in One-to-One

 Provide the opportunities for your child to meet the new friend at school and home. Create special events such as the birthday party and let the child invite his friends and relatives. Take some time to visit the park and attend the marriage parties with their children. These activate help the child to develop the social skills in early children.

  •   Self-Confidence and Independence

 Self-confidence and independence are the most important qualities that help the child to participate in social and learning activities. The self-confidence provides the foundation to share the feelings of acceptance for each other.  Let the child to be independent. Parents should respect the child’s desires and cooperation in the house matters.  

  •  Provide the Play Activities

 The play is an important activity to develop social skills.  Several studies indicate that play helps to develop the social skills in early childhood.  Play helps the child to build confidence in his own abilitis. The child learns the importance of cooperation with each other.  It teaches how relations is important in real life.  

Development of social skills is deeply linked to healthier interactions. It helps to develop good manners and prepare the child to communicate with others. It is the parental responsibility to provide the opportunities to develop the social skills.  Try to develop the self-confidence, loving and caring attributes to promote social skills.  It is important to understand that the development of social skills is necessary to achieve success in every field of life such as education, business, and social adjustment.


Anne Kennedy and Lennie Barblett, Learning and teaching through play Supporting the Early Years Learning Framework, Early Childhood Australia Inc,2010.
Preschool Curriculum Framework, Shasta County. Office of Education, to the  Educational Resources Information Center (Eric) 1989.
Parent Education and Family Life. Child Development:The First Five Years, University of the State of New York/The State Education Department Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development/Albany.
Teaching Your Child to: Identify and Express Emotions, The Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning Vanderbilt University

Viktor Gecas, The Self-Concept, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 8 (1982), pp. 1-33.
How to Develop the Social Skills in the Early Childhood  How  to Develop the Social Skills in the Early Childhood Reviewed by Early childhood education on December 21, 2017 Rating: 5

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