What are the Primary Learning Skills in Early Child Education? - Child Education

What are the Primary Learning Skills in Early Child Education?




Skill development is an essential part of early childhood education.   The teaching strategies and techniques provide the foundation of skill development and life potentials. The investment in early childhood education is more important than investment in later life. Family and school play a key role in building cognitive and non-cognitive skills. Parents should make effective policies that help to improve their skills. 

 Types of  Skills?
 There are two types of skills: cognitive and non-cognitive. Both cognitive and non-cognitive skills are equally important for the achievements of early childhood. 

What are Cognitive Skills?


.Cognitive skills are brain-based skills that are used in thinking activities including reading, writing, and numeracy. Cognitive skills strongly relate to academic performance. Those parents and teacher s who want to improve their academic performance, they must try to emphasis on the development of cognitive skills. Cognitive skills refer This includes mental processing speed and memory capacity.   The most important cognitive skills are mentioned below:

  •  Reading Skills

Children who have the ability to read at an early childhood have more vocabularies and understanding skills.  Reading skills strongly relate to language.  Reading is one of the most important skills of cognitive skill and develops the book reading habit in early childhood. 



  •  Writing skills

 Writing is a collected process which includes the intellectual, physical, mental and interactive procedure.  Children begin to learn writing in early childhood and gradually improve with age.   writing the name is one of the earlier indicators for preschool literacy development in childhood.  Writing skills can be checked in many ways such as writing the alphabetical words and performing the physical movement of handwriting.

  •  Numeracy

Numeracy is defined as “is the capacity to make effective use of mathematics in contexts related to personal life, the workplace, and in exercising civil responsibilities” (Geiger et al, 2014).
Numeracy ability help to improves decision-making power and problem-solving ability. Numeracy includes the counting skills, understanding the nonstandard and standard measurement, calendar skills, sets creations and how to work with the perfect pattern.

 What are Non- Cognitive Skills?

 Non-cognitive skills contain personal traits, attitudes, and motivations. Schools and parents most likely ignore to build non-cognitive skills. It is also well documented that non-cognitive skills play a key role in education outcome. Non-cognitive skills also called socio-emotional skills, personal skills, and character skill. It includes a set of attitudes, behaviors, and strategies such as motivation, perseverance, and self-control.

  • Self-Perceptions

Self-perception is an ability that shaped by experiences and interactions. It relates to the understanding of someone that how the person feels about himself. Self-Perceptions associate with high performance in education and social outcome.

  •  Motivation

 Motivation is the behavior that helps individual to think that why he does any specific work.  There is a strong relationship between motivation and later achievements. Motivation motivates the person to take steps and accept the challenges.

  •  Perseverance

Perseverance is a psychological skill which provokes the individual to complete his task or goal. It helps to accomplish the academic task, activities, and homework.

  •  Self-Control

Self-control is an ability to resist short-term desires in order to achieve long-term goals.
It involves exerting self-control over feelings, behavior, and thoughts in order to obey the rules,  fulfill the promises and commitments. It is important to understand that self-control has had a great impact on the academic and social outcome. This behavior starts to improve up to age 10.

  •  Metacognitive Strategies

Metacognitive strategies relate to one’s individual learning behaviors, thinking and planning tactics. It improves learning performance. The Metacognitive Strategies start to develop from primary education to university level.

  • Social Skills

Social skills are defined as “socially acceptable behaviors that facilitate students to interact with others and avoid socially unacceptable behaviors”. Social skills include helping, cooperation, communication, expression, and kindness.

  • Resilience

Resilience is the skill which facilitates positive adaptation in spite of the presence of any risk such as poverty and stress.
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  • Creativity

Creativity is the production of useful ideas. Most of the children are capable of producing creative work. It is parental and school responsibility to provide the opportunities which help to create something new in early childhood and it must be original. 
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Child experience at home, care strategies, and community interaction mostly help to develop positive skills in the children.  It is important to understand that the whole success of life depends on the early childhood learning process.  Government and individuals must provide the quality of education and learning environment that helps the children to improve their skills.



References
  • Tim Kautz, James J. Heckman, Ron Diris, Bas ter Weel, Lex Borghans, FOSTERING AND MEASURE, ING SKILLS: IMPROVING COGNITIVE  AND  NON - COGNITIVE SKILLS TO  PROMOTE  LIFETIME SUCCESS, OECD publications.
  • Mark K. McQuillan, George A. Coleman, A GUIDE TO EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT, State Board of Education 2007.
  • Mark K. McQuillan, George A. Coleman, A GUIDE TO EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT, State Board of Education 2007.
  • Bree A. Jimenez, Megan Kemmery , Building the Early Numeracy Skills of Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability, Education, and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 48 (4), 479- 490.
  • Leslie Morrison Gutman Ingrid Schoon, The impact of non-cognitive skills on outcomes for young people, Leading Education and social research institute of education University of London 2006.
  • Kai Z h ou , Non-cognitive skills: Definitions, measurement and Malleability, “Paper commissioned for the Global Education Monitoring Report 2016, please contact gemreport@unesco.org.

What are the Primary Learning Skills in Early Child Education? What are the Primary Learning Skills  in Early Child Education? Reviewed by Early childhood education on September 25, 2017 Rating: 5

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